There were 2.7 million new HIV infections in 2010 and 34 million people living with the disease. This is the lowest increase since 1997 and reflects a significant drop in those dying from AIDS. Sub-Saharan Africa remains the region with the highest prevalence of HIV/AIDS - 68 percent of those living with the disease live in this region - but the report showed that the greatest declines in HIV prevalence were in countries in sub-Saharan Africa.
The UN credits behavioral changes for the improvements including greater access to antiretroviral treatment, use of condoms, and fewer sexual partners per individual. We still have a lot to achieve. Nearly half of those eligible for antiretroviral therapy do not have access to the treatment, and nearly 1.5 million people die from HIV-related deaths each year. However, the UNAIDS report shows significant progress in our fight against the disease and helps guide the path for the future.